Professional Activities

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A. Carleton University
BA cum laude , [Sociology and History] 1973
Scholarships for Academic Excellence in 1970, ’71, 72, 73

B. Université de Sherbrooke [Quebec], Faculté de droit
LL.B. summa cum laude 1976
Scholarships for academic excellence in 1974, ’75, ’76
Rank: First in the Law school each year, with the highest overall Grade Point Average in the history of the Law school.

C. Yale Law School
LL.M. 1978
Commonwealth Scholar; Viscount Bennett Fellow (Canadian Bar Association);
Mackenzie-King Scholar; Yale University Fellow; “Boursier du Québec”.

D. Columbia University Law School
Doctoral residency requirements completed 1983
Columbia University Law and Economics Institute Fellow; “Fellow” of the Social Science Research Council of Canada.



Since 2014:  Columnist, Rule of Law column,

Since 2011:  Member, Legal Education Task Force, Virginia State Bar (chaired by Hon. Waugh Crigler, USMJ).

2011 – 2013:  Member, Maryland State Advisory Committee, United States Commission for Civil Rights

Since 2008: Elected Member, American Law Institute

Since 2004: Contributing Blogger, Point of Law Weblog

Since 2009:  Editorial Board Member, Journal of the Middle East and Africa

Since 2008:  Annual Lecturer (Tort Law), Institute for U.S. Law, Washington DC2002-2011:  Member, Board of Directors, National Association of Scholars

1996-2002: President, Virginia Association of Scholars (Vice President, 1993-95).

1995-2002 Secretary, Board of Governors, Section on the Education of Lawyers, Virginia State Bar, Richmond VACo-authored the Professionalism course that is still dispensed by the Bar to 1L students in all law schools in the Commonwealth.
1995:  Member, International Economic Freedom Advisory Panel, Freedom House, New York NY
1992:  Member, U.S.A.I.D. Special Mission to Madagascar[3-month mission: counsel on restructuring contract, human rights and foreign investment law in formerly socialist legal system)


1983-1987:  Commissioner, Commission des droits de la personne du Québec (Quebec Human Rights Commission)Elected unanimously by Quebec’s Assemblée Nationale: the CDPQ has the ability to overrule Québec legislation contrary to the Charter of Rights)
1985-1987:  Founding Co-Director, “Civil Law-Common Law Exchange Program”, Canadian Ministry of Justice, OttawaNational Comparative Law program involving every law school in Canada, $6 million annual budget; considerable fund-raising involved.


  • Université de Sherbrooke, Professor of Law
  • University of Toronto, Professor of Law
  • Co-director and Co-founder, Canadian Civil Law Common Law Exchange Program
  • Selected as Law Clerk: Justice Louis-Philippe Pigeon, Supreme Court of Canada
  • Attorney, Pratte, Marseille & Assoc., Québec City, Canada
  • Commission des droits de la personne du Québec, Commissioner, 1983-87
  • President, Virginia Association of Scholars, 1996-2002
  • Visiting Professor of Law, University of Haifa, 2010
  • James Madison Program Fellow, Princeton University, 2010
  • Of counsel, Clearspire Law Firm, 2010-2012.